List of Shotokan Katas

 

Kata (Japanese, or more traditionally, ; lit. "form") is a Japanese word describing detailed patterns of movements practiced either solo or in pairs.Karate kata are executed as a specified series of a variety of moves, with stepping and turning, while attempting to maintain perfect form. The kata is not intended as a literal depiction of a mock fight, but as a display of transition and flow from one posture and movement to another, teaching the student proper form and position, and encouraging them to visualise different scenarios for the use of each motion and technique. Karateka "read" a kata in order to explain the imagined events, a practice known as bunkai. There are various kata, each with many minor variations.

Shotokan Karate is comprised of 26 katas, each with their own emphasis on fast and slow or controlled and powerfull movements. Virtually all of the katas taught today in the Shotokan system have two kiai points.
The kiai or "spirit cry" as it is sometimes referred to, occurs only at certain pre-determined moments in each kata. It is precisely at these pre-determined moments that the karate-ka is required to demonstrate a total commitment of body, mind, and spirit, and to channel all of their available energy and apply it appropriately to the required technique. The kiai is a common thread that runs through all major styles of karate.

It is important for every student to remember that as they rise up through the various kyu levels and Dan ranks, the continued regular practice of all of the previous katas that they have been taught is vital to their future progress.

The following is a list of all 26 katas, with number of moves


Kata
MovesMeaning
Heian Shodan21"Peacefull Mind One"
Heian Nidan26"Peacefull Mind Two"
Heian Sandan20"Peacefull Mind Three"
Heian Yondan27"Peacefull Mind Four"
Heian Godan23"Peacefull Mind Five Universe"
Tekki Shodan23"Iron Horse One"
Tekki Nidan24"Iron Horse Two"
Tekki Sandan26"Iron Horse Three"
Bassai Dai42"Penetrating the Fortress-Big"
Bassai Sho27"Penetrating the Fortress - Small"
Kanku Dai65"To look at the Sky - Big"
Kanku Sho48"To look at the Sky - Small"
Enpi37"Flying Swallow"
Jion47"Love (and) Goodness"
Gankaku42"Crane on the Rock"
Hangetsu41"Half Moon"
Jitte24"Ten Hands"
Chinte32"Incredible Hands"
Sochin41"Preserve Peace"
Meikyo33"Mirror of the soul"
Jiin38"Named after the Saint"
Gojushiho Dai67"54 Steps - Big"
Gojushiho Sho65"54 Steps - Small"
Nijushiho24"24 Steps"
Wankan24"Crown of a king"
Unsu48"Cloud Hands"

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